Oral contraceptive pill
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Mercilon 28 is a low dose combined oral contraceptive pill and is used as an effective means of birth control to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Mercilon 28 contraceptive pills contain a combination of two hormones at low doses in a single pill. Each pack of Mercilon 28 contains one month’s supply of pills of which there are 21 hormone-containing pills and 7 placebo (non-hormonal) pills, to allow each monthly cycle to end with a withdrawal bleed. When using Mercilon 28 for contraception, you will probably find that your periods become regular. You may also experience lighter, less painful menstruation and an improvement in pre-menstrual symptoms, like bloating, swelling or weight gain related to fluid retention, also improvement in acne and reductions in greasiness of the skin and hair.
Mercilon 28 contraceptive pills contain a combination of two hormones, ethinyloestradiol, a synthetic oestrogen, and Desogestrel, a synthetic progestogen, which work together to protect against pregnancy. Preparation for pregnancy depends on a complex interaction between the female sex hormones produced by the ovaries; oestrogen, which stimulates ovulation, and progesterone which prepares the endometrium (lining of the uterus) for implantation of an embryo, as well as other regulating hormones, produced by the hypothalamus in the brain and the pituitary gland. Mercilon 28 combined hormonal contraception works by disrupting the normal menstrual, preventing egg maturation and suppressing ovulation, as well as preventing development of the endometrium, so that a fertilised egg would not be able to implant and grow. Another contraceptive action of Mercilon 28 pills is that the cervical mucus, which normally changes consistency at ovulation to become thinner, remains thick, forming a physical barrier to sperm. Desogestrel, the progestogen component of Mercilon 28 is one of the newer synthetic progestogens and has very little androgenic activity, unlike natural progesterone and therefore has a beneficial effect on androgen-related skin disorders, such as acne and hirsutism (unwanted hair).